How Effective is IVF?

During last few decades there has been a rapid increase in the number and scope of diseases related to civilization and lifestyle. One of those illnesses is infertility, whose incidence has recently been referred to as an epidemic. 


Along with the growing issue of more and more people struggling to have offspring, the efforts to overcome the problem have intensified. Over recent years many methods and techniques of infertility treatment as well as medically assisted reproduction have been developed. They differ in many ways, including the effectiveness or chances of success. 

Depending on the factor causing problems with procreating different choice of methods can be recommended based on the level of intervention needed. However for the cases of severe or long term infertility the most effective way to fight the condition is In Vitro Fertilization and here is why.

What is infertility

Infertility is defined as a situation in which the couple cannot conceive and/ or maintain pregnancy. The time when infertility is stated is over a year of unsuccessful attempts meaning regular unprotected intercourses. 

After that time passes it is rather certain that there is one or more factors preventing the couple from fertilization and pregnancy. It can be caused by either female or male factor or both. The most common reasons for people’s inability to procreate are female dysfunction in reproductive system (such as ovarian malfunctions, hormonal disruptions, lack of ovulation, poor quality of eggs etc.), male problems with reproductive cells (low count, poor quality, low motility or absence of sperm in semen) as well as any partner’s anticancer therapy or other.

Also an older age or lifestyle factors such as poor nutrition, obesity, harmful substances or low physical activity can lead to deterioration of cells of both female and male partner which can be a direct cause of inability to get pregnant or maintain a pregnancy.

Infertility treatment

Some of the fertility factors could be overcome by treating the very cause of theirs. If the infertility is caused by wrong levels of hormones for example blocking ovulation, it can be restored by simple adjustments in hormonal balance. If the poor quality of male or female reproductive cells is caused by their lack of exercises or wrong diet those are the areas which changed can lead to full recovery in terms of procreating capacities.

However there are many situations in which the infertility factor is either less likely to be eliminated or is impossible to be determined and that is why not all cases can be as easily treated. Most of cases when patients address fertility clinics need more specialist methods reaching far from simple elimination of single factor due to its scope or depth. For them the methods of assisted reproduction are required.

In Vitro Fertilization

The methods collectively named assisted reproduction techniques (ART) among which In Vitro Fertilization is the most popular, were invented to overcome what blocks the cells from being properly fertilized. They include artificial insemination, gamete intrafallopian transfer or previously mentioned In Vitro Fertilization (IVF).

IVF is the procedure that involves combining egg and sperm in laboratory conditions and transferring the achieved embryo or embryos into uterine cavity. It can be performed either with use of cells retrieved from partners or the ones coming from donation. The cells used for the procedure can be both fresh and frozen depending on the patients’ requirements.

The multi-faceted approach and the variety of options is what makes In Vitro Fertilization the most universal method of infertility treatment. The same thing makes it the most effective one – thanks to different variants it can bypass many infertility factors both from female and male part. 

The efficacy of IVF
The success rate of In Vitro Fertilization is the highest from all the methods of assisted reproduction but it may differ from clinic to clinic or in general from country to country. For example the United Kingdom has very high efficacy rate even up to 50 percent, meaning half of the couples will probably get pregnant after the infertility treatment. 

To compare countries such as Greece, Spain, Cyprus or Czech Republic which are popular destination for IVF abroad account for average success rate for IVF around 40 percent. Higher is the general efficacy rate of Poland at the level of 44 percent. However what hides behind those numbers is what often is not said – the higher efficacy number in countries such as the UK are achieved through much more cycles than in for example Poland. Recent research reveal that the success rate of 50-60 percent have been obtain by couples having even from 6 to 9 embryo transfer resulting in at least one birth. It can be both exhausting and extremely expensive.

To compare with UK, the costs in many other countries could be even the half of the price. In Western countries the total cost of infertility treatment of IVF can be unbearable even after a single cycle and trying more than once is there essential to succeed. The lower the costs the more likely the couple to pay the expenses for all the trials necessary and that is why it is worth considering to get treated abroad and look for cheap IVF option there.

In addition there are exceptional clinics in other countries offering not only the lower price but also as high or highest efficacy rates. For example the leading facility in Poland, INVICTA Fertility Clinics, offer the top quality procedures of the highest safety standards. The success rate can exceed 50 percent thanks to most experienced doctors and supreme technological solutions combined with innovative and advanced tools. Despite outstanding success rates and the top-quality treatment exceeding European and global standards, the price of the procedure is few times lower than in e.g. the UK. And the highest efficacy rates for first cycles makes the whole treatment more cost-effective. Make sure to visit the site to look into cheap IVF: http://www.invictaclinics.com/ivf-abroad/.

Algene C.

The author is currently taking up law who blogs on her free time.

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